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Research

Non-Surgical Treatment of UCL (Tommy John) Injuries

2019

Can platelet-rich plasma therapy save patients with ulnar collateral ligament tears from surgery?

Regenerative Therapy; 2019

Conservative Versus Surgical Management of Elbow Medial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injury: A Systematic Review

Orthopaedic Surgery; 2019

Nonoperative Treatment of Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries with and Without Platelet-Rich Plasma in Professional Baseball Players: A Comparative and Matched Cohort Analysis

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Prognostic utility of an magnetic resonance imaging-based classification for operative versus nonoperative management of ulnar collateral ligament tears: one-year follow-up

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2019

Return to Play Following Nonoperative Treatment of Partial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries in Professional Baseball Players: A Critically Appraised Topic

Journal of Sport Rehabilitation; 2019

Risk factors for ulnar collateral ligament injury in professional and amateur baseball players: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2018

2018

Adolescent Pitcher Recovery from Partial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Tear after Platelet-Rich Plasma

Current Sports Medicine Reports; 2018

Defining Platelet-Rich Plasma Usage by Team Physicians in Elite Athletes

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Nonreconstruction Options for Treating Medial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries of the Elbow in Overhead Athletes

Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine; 2018

Platelet-Rich Plasma for Elbow Pathologies: a Descriptive Review of Current Literature

Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine; 2018

The Success of Return to Sport After Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injury in Baseball: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2018

2017

The Effectiveness of Platelet-Rich Plasma in the Treatment of Tendinopathy

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2017

Management of ulnar collateral ligament injury in throwing athletes: a survey of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2017

Platelet-Rich Plasma for Primary Treatment of Partial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Tears: MRI Correlation with Results

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2017

2013

Treatment of Partial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Tears in the Elbow with Platelet-Rich Plasma

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2013

UCL (Tommy John) Surgery & Shoulder Surgery

2020

Outcomes After Ulnar Collateral Ligament Revision Reconstruction in Baseball Players

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2020

Timing of Return to Batting Milestones After Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in Professional Baseball Players%20after%20UCLR.)

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2020

2019

Baseball Pitching Biomechanics Shortly After Ulnar Collateral Ligament Repair

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Biomechanical Comparison of Docking Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction with and Without an Internal Brace

Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2019

Biomechanical Comparison of Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction with a Modified Docking Technique with and Without Suture Augmentation

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Biomechanical Evaluation of a Modified Internal Brace Construct for the Treatment of Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Do Outcomes or Subsequent Injuries Differ After Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction With Palmaris Versus Hamstring Autograft?

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Epidemiology of Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries in Throwing Versus Contact Athletes of the National Collegiate Athletic Association

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Increasing Burden of Youth Baseball Elbow Injuries in US Emergency Departments

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Prevalence of Medial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Surgery in 6135 Current Professional Baseball Players: A 2018 Update

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Ulnar Collateral Ligament Repair with Collagen-Dipped FiberTape Augmentation in Overhead-Throwing Athletes

American Journal of Sports Medicine: 2019

2018

Athletic Hip Injuries in Major League Baseball Pitchers Associated with Ulnar Collateral Ligament Tears

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Biomechanical Comparison of Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction with Docking Technique versus Repair with Internal Bracing

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Epidemiology of Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries Among Baseball Players

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Epidemiology of Shoulder and Elbow Injuries Among United States High School Baseball Players: School Years 2005-2006 Through 2014-2015

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Epidemiology of Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in Major and Minor League Baseball pitches: comprehensive report of 1429 cases

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2018

Forearm Flexor Injuries Among Major League Baseball Players

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Incidence of Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Surgery in Collegiate Baseball Players

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Performance and Return to Sport After Tommy John Surgery Among Major League Baseball Position Players

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction Versus Repair with Internal Bracing

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

2014

Rate of Return to Pitching and Performance After Tommy John Surgery in Major League Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2014

2013

Functional Outcomes Following Revision Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in Major League Baseball Pitchers

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2013

2012

Public Perceptions of Tommy John Surgery

Phys Sportsmed; 2012

Training, Fatigue & Overuse

2019

Effects of a Simulated Game on Upper Extremity Pitching Mechanics and Muscle Activation Among Various Pitch Types in Youth Baseball Pitchers

Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics; 2019

Relationship Between Workload and Throwing Injury in Varsity Baseball Players

Physical Therapy in Sport; 2019

2018

Effect of Fatigue on Medial Elbow Torque in Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Unaccounted Workload Factor: Game-Day Pitch Counts in High School Baseball Pitchers – An Observational Study

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

2017

Relative Individual Workload Changes May be a Risk Factor for Rerupture of Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2017

2016

The Impact of Fatigue on Baseball Pitching Mechanics in Adolescent Male Pitchers

Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery; 2016

The Effects of Forearm Fatigue on Baseball Fastball Pitching, with Implications about Elbow Injury

Journal of Sports Sciences; 2016

2014

Validity of Pitch Velocity and Strike Percentages to Assess Fatigue in Young Baseball Pitchers

International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport; 2014

2013

An Inferential and Descriptive Statistical Examination of the Relationship Between Cumulative Work Metrics and Injury in Major League Baseball Pitchers

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research; 2013

2011

Risk of Serious Injury for Young Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2011

2009

Baseball Pitching Biomechanics in Relation to Injury Risk and Performance

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; 2009

2007

Pitching Biomechanics as a Pitcher Approaches Muscular Fatigue During a Simulated Baseball Game

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2007

2006

Risk Factors for Shoulder and Elbow Injuries in Adolescent Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2006

2002

Effect of Pitch Type, Pitch Count, and Pitching Mechanics on Risk of Elbow and Shoulder Pain in Youth Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2002

2001

The Effects of Extended Play on Professional Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2001

Weighted Baseball

2021

The Evidence Behind Weighted Ball Throwing Programs for the Baseball Player: Do They Work and Are They Safe?

Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine; 2021

2020

Training With Lighter Baseballs Increases Velocity Without Increasing the Injury Risk

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2020

2019

Impact of Ball Weights on Medial Elbow Torque in Youth Baseball Pitchers

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2019

Weighted-Ball Velocity Enhancement Programs for Baseball Pitchers

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

2018

Effect of a 6-Week Weighted Baseball Throwing Program on Pitch Velocity, Pitching Arm Biomechanics, Passive Range of Motion, and Injury Rates

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; 2018

Effects of a six-week weighted-Implement Throwing Program on Baseball Pitching Velocity, Kinematics, Arm Stress, and Arm Range of Motion

PeerJ; 2018

2017

Biomechanical Analysis of Weighted-Ball Exercises for Baseball Pitchers

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; 2017

Validation of Pitch Smart /ASMI guidelines

2019

Association Between Parental Understanding of Pitch Smart Guidelines and Youth Baseball Player Injuries

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

2017

Are the current little league pitching guidelines adequate? A single-season prospective MRI study

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2017

Exceeding Pitch Count Recommendations in Little League Baseball Increases the Chance of Requiring Tommy John Surgery as a Professional Baseball Pitcher

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2017

2014

Risk-Prone Pitching Activities and Injuries in Youth Baseball

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2014

Pitching Mound Height, Long Toss Distances, and Throwing Programs

2020

Effects of Mound Versus Flat-Ground Pitching and Distance on Arm Mechanics and Elbow Torque in High School Pitchers

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2020

The Effect of the Crow Hop on Elbow Stress During an Interval Throwing Program

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2020

The Influence of Baseball Pitching Distance on Pitching Biomechanics, Pitch Velocity, and Ball Movement

In Review (Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport); 2020

2019

Baseball Pitchers’ Perceived Effort Does Not Match Actual Measurement Effort During a Structured Long-Toss Throwing Program

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

The Influence of Mound Height on Baseball Movement and Pitching Biomechanics

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport; 2019

The Utilization of Interval Throwing Programs in the Physical Therapy Setting: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Journal of Sport Rehabilitation; 2019

Variability in Baseball Throwing Metrics During a Structured Long-Toss Program: Does One Size Fit All or Should Programs Be Individualized?

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 2019

2018

Changes in Throwing Arm Mechanics at Increased Throwing Distances During Structured Long-Toss

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

Do Mound Height and Pitching Distance Affect Youth Baseball Pitching Biomechanics?

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

2017

Defining the Long-Toss

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2017

2014

Biomechanical Comparison of the Interval Throwing Program and Baseball Pitching Upper Extremity Loads in Training and Rehabilitation

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2014

2013

A Biomechanical Comparison of Pitching from a Mound Versus Flat Ground in Adolescent Baseball Pitchers

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; Nov. 2013

2011

Biomechanical Comparison of Baseball Pitching and Long-Toss: Implications for Training and Rehabilitation

Journal of Orthopedic & Sport Physical Therapy; May. 2011

Risk of Serious Injury for Young Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2011

Specialization, Pitch Type & Pitch Velocity

2020

The Curse of the All-Star Team: A Single-Season Prospective Shoulder MRI Study of Little League Baseball Player

Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics; 2019

Sport specialization is associated with upper-extremity overuse injury in high school baseball players

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2020

Sport-Specific Associations of Specialization and Sex with Overuse Injury in Youth Athletes

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; 2019

Youth Single-Sport Specialization in Professional Baseball Players

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2020

2019

An Analysis of Sports Specialization in NCAA Division I Collegiate Athletics

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Attitudes and Beliefs towards Sport Specialization, College Scholarships, and Financial Investment among High School Baseball Parents

2019

Early Sports Specialization Is Associated with Upper Extremity Injuries in Throwers and Fewer Games Played in Major League Baseball

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Early Single Sport Specialization in a High-Achieving US Athlete Population: Comparing National Collegiate Athletic Association Student-Athletes and Undergraduate Students

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Evaluating a Commonly Used Tool for Measuring Sport Specialization in Young Athletes

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Exploring Coaches’ Perceptions of Youth Sport Specialization: A Comparison of High School and Club Sport Contexts

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Fastball Velocity and Elbow-Varus Torque in Professional Baseball Pitchers

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Health Consequences of Youth Sport Specialization

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Injury Risk Associated with Sports Specialization and Activity Volume in Youth

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2019

Mean Muscle Activation Comparison Between Fastballs and Curveballs with Respect to the Upper and Lower Extremity

Journal of Biomechanics; 2019

The Psychosocial Implications of Sport Specialization in Pediatric Athletes

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Sport Specialization and Single-Legged-Squat Performance Among Youth Baseball and Softball Athletes

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Sport Specialization, Club Sport Participation, Quality of Life, and Injury History Among High School Athletes

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Sport Specialization and Coordination Differences in Multisport Adolescent Female Basketball, Soccer, and Volleyball Athletes

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

Sport Specialization and Overuse Injuries in Adolescent Throwing Athletes: A Narrative Review

Journal of Athletic Training; 2019

2018

Assessment of Elbow Torque and Other Parameters During the Pitching Motion: Comparison of Fastball, Curveball, and Change-up

The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery; 2018

Predictors of Elbow Torque Among Youth and Adolescent Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2018

2017

Biomechanical, Comparisons Among Fastball, Slider, Curveball, and Changeup Pitch Types and Between Balls and Strikes in Professional Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2017

Early single-sport specialization a survey of 3090 high school, collegiate, and professional athletes.

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2017

Early Sports Specialization: An International Perspective

Sports Medicine Reports; 2017

Early Sport Specialization: Effectiveness and Risk of Injury in Professional Baseball Players

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2017

2016

Differences Among Fastball, Curveball, and Change-up Pitching Biomechanics Across Various Levels of Baseball

Sports Biomechanics; 2016

Fastball Pitch Velocity Helps Predict Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in Major League Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2016

Major League Baseball Pitch velocity and Pitch Type Associated with Risk of Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injury

Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery; 2016

Pitch Characteristics Before Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in Major League Pitchers Compared with Age-Matched Controls

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine; 2016

When Is It Too Early for Single Sport Specialization?

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2016

2015

Arm Pain in Youth Baseball Players

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2015

Correlates With History of Injury in Youth and Adolescent Pitchers

The Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Surgery; 2015

Correlation of Shoulder and Elbow Kinetics with Ball Velocity in Collegiate Baseball Pitchers

Journal of Athletic Training; 2015

The Curveball as a Risk Factor for Injury: A Systematic Review

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; 2015

Sport Specialization, Part I: Does Early Sports Specialization Increase Negative Outcomes and Reduce the Opportunity for Success in Young Athletes?

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; 2015

2014

Risk Factors for Shoulder and Elbow Injuries in High School Baseball Pitchers: The Role of Preseason Strength and Range of Motion

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2014

2013

Improvements in Shoulder Endurance Following a Baseball-Specific Strengthening Program in High School Baseball Players

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; 2013

2012

Pitch Velocity Is a Predictor of Medial Elbow Distraction Forces in the Uninjured High School-Aged Baseball Pitcher

Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach; 2012

2011

Risk of Serious Injury for Young Baseball Pitchers: A 10-Year Prospective Study

American Journal of Sports Medicine, Sept. 2011

Shoulder Range of Motion Measures as Risk Factors for Shoulder and Elbow Injuries in High School Softball and Baseball Players

American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2011

2010

Association of Maximum Pitch Velocity and Elbow Injury in Professional Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2010

Correlation of Torque and Elbow Injury in Professional Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; April. 2010

2009

A Biomechanical Comparison of the Fastball and Curveball in Adolescent Baseball Pitchers.)

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2009

The Effect of Pitching Biomechanics on the Upper Extremity in Youth and Adolescent Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2009

Variability in Baseball Pitching Biomechanics Among Various Levels of Competition

Sports Biomechanics

2006

Kinetic Comparison Among the Fastball, Curveball, Change-up, and Slider in Collegiate Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2006

Risk Factors for Shoulder and Elbow Injuries in Adolescent Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2006

2002

Effect of Pitch Type, Pitch Count, and Pitching Mechanics on Risk of Elbow and Shoulder Pain in Youth Baseball Pitchers

American Journal of Sports Medicine; 2002